The Great Pork Trade War: China’s Anti-Dumping Investigation into European Union Pork

The Great Pork Trade War: China’s Anti-Dumping Investigation into European Union Pork

China has recently announced an anti-dumping investigation into imported pork and its by-products from the European Union, a move that seems to be targeting Spain, the Netherlands, and Denmark. This investigation is seen as a response to restrictions placed on China’s electric vehicle exports. The probe will focus on various pork products intended for human consumption, including fresh, cold, and frozen cuts, as well as pig intestines, bladders, and stomachs.

The anti-dumping investigation was initiated based on a complaint from the China Animal Husbandry Association on behalf of the domestic pork industry. This move comes on the heels of the European Commission’s decision to impose anti-subsidy duties on imported Chinese cars. In anticipation of retaliatory tariffs from China, global food companies are closely monitoring the situation. Chinese authorities have hinted at potential retaliatory measures through state media and industry interviews.

While the European Commission remains unfazed by China’s investigation, some European countries, such as Spain, are calling for negotiations to avoid tariffs on their pork exports to China. The EU accounts for over half of China’s pork imports, with a significant portion coming from Spain, the Netherlands, and Denmark. The escalating trade tensions between China and the EU are reflective of broader global trade challenges.

The trade war between the West and China has been ongoing since 2018, with concerns over Chinese industrial overcapacity and cheap product flooding markets. EU trade policy is evolving to address these challenges and protect domestic industries from unfair competition. Anti-dumping duties are a common tool used to safeguard local markets from goods sold below production costs.

Despite the investigation, European pork producers may continue to export to China tariff-free while the probe is ongoing. The Chinese commerce ministry has set a deadline for the investigation to be completed by 2025, with a possible extension of another six months if necessary. This uncertainty adds to the unpredictability of international trade relations.

China’s anti-dumping investigation into European pork underscores the complexities of global trade dynamics. As countries seek to protect their domestic industries, tensions and disputes are inevitable. The outcome of this investigation will have far-reaching implications for both Chinese and European markets, highlighting the importance of fair and rules-based trade practices.


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